Basil Brooke, National Institute for Communicable Diseases

Basil Brooke is Head of the Vector Control Reference Laboratory, Centre for Emerging Zoonotic & parasitic Diseases, National institute for Communicable Diseases, South Africa and Associate Professor, Wits Research Institute for Malaria, Johannesburg, South Africa
Basil Brooke’s research work has focused on an array of genetic and biometric issues related to the development, inheritance, expression, relative stability and pleiotropic effects of insecticide resistance in African malaria vector species. This work has been applied to the development of strategies designed to maintain effective malaria vector control in the face of insecticide resistance, particularly in the southern African region. He has also been integrally involved in the assessment of new malaria vector control products and alternative methods of vector control. Most of these projects have involved postgraduate student participation at the BSc Honours, MSc and PhD levels.
Detecting and understanding the epidemiological consequences of insecticide resistance and other important phenotypes in malaria vectors forms an important component of the research support needed for South Africa’s drive toward malaria elimination. Boosting control effectiveness towards elimination requires a vector surveillance system that allows for the collation of data on vector species distribution, resting and biting behaviour, and the occurrence of insecticide resistance in malaria affected regions. Basil and colleagues are therefore in the process of setting up projects to boost malaria vector surveillance in South Africa by assessing the merits of a series of passive and active vector collection/trapping techniques in those provinces that experience seasonal malaria transmission, and in which indoor residual spraying (IRS) -based vector control is conducted annually.

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